Enrico Ferretti: Ving Tsun punch

The main weapon of Ving Tsun Kung Fu (VT) is undoubtedly the vertical punch (Yat Ji Jik Kuen). It is no exaggeration to say that 90% of VT training is aimed at getting a punch capable of ensuring a successful response in every situation and finding a way to reach the goal.

This technique is so important that in all figures we start and end with the vertical hole on the midline: Alfa and Omega of Ving Tsun.

This is ????Abnormal ???? Perforation technique, for two main reasons:

1. The most common cause: It’s a straight line punch. Our standing position and subsequent weight distribution along a vertical line ensures that the most natural motion our body can perform is to rotate around a vertical axis. So the most natural arm is â????????????? A hook or something like that (look at the little kids hitting each other and you’ll see that they use it to give loud, circular slaps). Go â?? directly ?? ???? It requires better concentration and a deeper study of the mechanics of movement.

In this regard, I would like to quote:

From the history of boxing we learn how in its early years people used to strike with a bent arm, with hooks and slaps. Raw materials are used to physically harm others by resorting to this method, after all, breeds and plants (bears and similar species) also use scratches, slaps, and paws. Those who do not know boxing and want to throw a punch, show a natural tendency to slaps. That’s why if you want to master the jab, you have to study its technique.a????

Giordano Gigioli

Coe: The history of boxing and its champions????

2. The specific reason related to Feng Cun: he gets punched Elbow pointing down. In everyday life we ​​are used to using our hands no matter how our elbows move. Our elbows naturally point outward in nearly every daily movement, even when we’re standing with our arms at our side. Pointing the elbow down is something that doesn’t come naturally, it’s a voluntary act that should be “studyed”.

Sevo Philip Baer with his student Enrico Ferretti

So getting the elbow pointing down and forward requires a hard work of “reprogramming”???? Those motor systems that we naturally develop in our lives. Doing this in concert with other movements needs further study. Doing so accurately, robustly, and effectively requires a great deal of work. Has it proven “abnormal”???? The state of this punching technique explains why Ving Tsun consists of so many exercises aimed at improving the “VT punch”???? and the elements that make it successful, and why those who practice Veng Tsun spend a significant portion of their training time performing the exercises mentioned.

The fist strikes the last two knuckles (the pinky and ring finger), and sometimes the third knuckle (middle finger) is involved. Using the smallest joints of the hand does not pose a risk of injury worse than using other joints, because the strength of each joint is not proportional to its size. In addition, having a smaller impact surface enhances the effectiveness of punching. During the entire course of the fist, the knuckles are constantly directed towards the target, and shortly before the impact, the wrist makes an upward movement, allowing the correct impact on the one hand, and giving the blow deeper penetration on the other (especially useful when the punch is thrown from a short distance) .

The kinetic chain of the vertical puncture originates from the back of the foot, which, pressing on the floor, transmits energy through the hips and elbow up to the fist, tracing a path from bottom to top (inclined upward), in order to discharge in on the ground and not on the shoulders of the trainee the force of the impact. The elbow should push the arm forward and lead the path of the fist. This specific structure of the drill helps maintain a consistent “connection”. During the entire path between the arm throwing the punch and the rest of the body. Using a metaphor, we can say that if a horizontal punch corresponds to a spare throw against an opponent, then a vertical punch VT is like a lunge made by keeping the hand on the same spare handle.


The advantages of the vertical punch are as follows:

1. It offers the possibility to protect your offensive line while you are throwing it: the elbow can intercept and twist everything in its path, protecting the Ving Tsun fighter and/or clearing the way to the target (simultaneous defense and attack).

2. The fist stays “connected”???? To Body Structure: Make the apprentice always able to use the elbow to drive the fist but also to deflect, open the guard or control his opponent and also allow for sudden changes in direction and instant reactions if the punch is deflected or blocked.

3. Simultaneous use of both arms: the previous paragraph, combined with the fact that Ving Tsun provides a front guard (CHING YING) and not for a “dodger” ???? First, it made the trainee able to use both arms simultaneously and in a coordinated manner. This aspect creates a “tactic”???? Advantage (two weapons against one) and many more occasions to hit the target than relying exclusively on the speed of the punch.

4. The fact that the punch is performed with the body in the “back”???? And its structure was able to successfully hit even from very short and short distances without choosing different paths. For the same reason, even if the target distance changes during the course of the hole, a successful effect may also occur.

5. Having his heart in the elbow, it is in itself very pronounced. This aspect, combined with Ving Tsun’s foot movement and proper management of turns around the longitudinal axis (another specific VT element), ensured that a good VT fighter was always able to throw punches with pinpoint accuracy.

6. The wrist is kept in a more stable and stable position compared to the horizontal hole, reducing the risk of damage from impact sprains.

Disadvantages of Feng Tsun vertical punch:

1. No full hip rotations and weight bearing on one side of the body, in order to keep the grip connected to the body structure and front guard. This entails a shorter range when compared to the range of punches thrown using the mentioned methods.

2. The shoulder cannot protect the side of the face neither with its rotation nor with the elbow inward, as happens, for example, with regard to Western boxing punching techniques.

3. The opponent’s front guard provides a large target, with all the risks associated with it. This situation illustrates how VT is primarily an offensive type of boxing (it is important to note that Muay Thai also uses the front guard and that many Western boxing champions rely on the same strategy, leaving the classic approach of â?? out of reach, from in order to be faster and more difficult to predict in the beating).


Ving Tsun tries to overcome these shortcomings with his privacy forwork Her continuous training aims to learn the correct timing And ResponseAs well as using the elbow and arms in a coordinated manner as described above.

Given the strategy adopted by Ving Tsun, hitting from a very short or very short distance is often required, so the need for that force and accuracy needed for a good punch are the main problems to solve.

The first steps are useful for developing â???? THEA???? Punch made using â???? Yee Gee Kim Yum Maâ???? Situation combined with techniques aimed at developing the right habits. Then the following is Poon Sao, Toi Ma-Seung Ma, Lap Sao Cycle, Lin Siu Dai Da and other exercises that all help in developing and increasing the body â?????????????? ?????? (The kinetic chain included in the hole) and the initial speed of the hole (in order to hit successfully even from a short distance), ensure the correct use of the elbow (straight line and â ??????????????? ??create proper coordination between the arms, as well as between the arms and legs.

However, the use of the wall bag, the heavy-filled bag (in order to get feedback on the structure, muscles, and nerve impulses needed for punching), “speedball” and other types of punching bags should be added for correct timing and consistent foot movement to the previous exercises.

Therefore, developing a good vertical punch takes time, and follows a logical process that begins with the use of the right elbow and structures, and ends with the ability to use the punch in any situations, which is necessary, regardless of the position of your arms. or those of the target, despite possible disturbances coming from the opponent (edges, deflections, attacks, blocks, etc.) or due to accidental situations associated with combat (rotation around the longitudinal axis, sudden changes in direction, misalignments, acceleration, etc.), In order to make the hole punch always able to hit the target with maximum force.

Enrico Ferretti and the Italian Feng Tsun Association led by Philip Baer
Enrico Ferretti and the Italian Feng Tsun Association led by Philip Baer
String punching (â??Lin Wan Kuenâ??) Known as “chain punching”???? is being Not A technique that deals with hitting the opponent with a series of quick punches (a strategy that is not very successful and effortless), but Playing sports Designed to teach correct perforation mechanics.

The real essence of this approach is Coordinate: The punch must hit the target at the same time that Wu Sao gets its position. The need for complete and correct “automatic” coordination???? The position of the arms (along with the movement of the feet) is a key component of Ving Tsun, because when you are at a minimum distance, unable to see first and then make a decision, reactions must be immediate and instinctive. Only in this way can the continuity of work, the simultaneous use of both arms, a high degree of fluidity and effectiveness over a short distance, which are typical aspects of Ving Tsun.

Learning the technique of sequential punching is the first step to achieving this type of coordination, which will later turn into a general situation. . Another important aspect of the chain punching technique, is the fact that the arm facing down and back in the wu sao position is not “passive” ???? But it works, or is up and running, through the entire path it follows to get its position: buck, gut, woo, etc. becomes our next step, acting as defense or attack as needed. All this must always be done in coordination and “collaboration” ???? with the other arm.

Due to the fact that the arms / fists work together in synergy with the movement of the feet, a VT fighter can appear – ????????????????????????????????? ?????? Than it actually is, it only performs movements with economy, responsiveness and accuracy.

The sequential punching technique expresses the following concept: shorter method of target acquisition/economy of movement, willingness to hit (wu sao), simultaneous use of both arms and midfield (simultaneous defense and attack), opportunity (take advantage of openings), strategy (two weapons vs one weapon) One).

These are all key ideas that we can find in every VT exercise and in its entire practice.

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